Q: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
He who misses a prayer because he sleeps or forgets it should offer it when he remembers it as there is no expiation for it except this.
In the Sahih (authentic book of Hadith) of
Muslim, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said:
When the sun rises, refrain from prayer, for it rises between the horns of the devil.
(Part No. 6; Page No. 12)
If one sleeps and does not get up to pray the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer until the sun rises, should he perform prayer then or delay it until the sun becomes high?
How can the Hadiths mentioned above be compatible?
If a person continues to sleep until shortly after or before sunrise, they should offer the Fajr Prayer when they wake up. It does not matter whether the sun rises before or after they offer it or whether they finish it before the sun becomes high. The same applies to the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer. If they miss it due to sleep or forgetfulness, they should offer it when they wake up or when they remember it even after sunset. They should not refrain from offering the Fajr Prayer until the sun becomes high nor should they wait to offer the `Asr Prayer at sunset. This is based on the authentic Hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said:
Whoever prays one rak‘ah of the Fajr prayer before sunrise, he has caught the Fajr prayer in time and whoever prays one rak‘ah of the ‘Asr prayer before sunset, he has caught the ‘Asr prayer in time.
This is also based on the general meaning (Part No. 6; Page No. 13) of the Hadith in which the Prophet stated:
He who misses a prayer because he sleeps or forgets it should offer it when he remembers it, there is no explanation for it, except this.
As for reconciling the apparent conflict between the two Hadiths you mentioned in the question, scholars have confined the Hadith which prohibits Salah at sunrise to Sunnah (supererogatory) Salah. Accordingly, the prohibition does not apply to Salah which is offered for a specific reason or obligatory Salah which a person misses due to sleep or forgetfulness.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.