Is it legally permissible to appoint a person to lead a group while they are residents?
It is well-known that when three people set out on a journey, it is recommended to appoint one of them to lead. Is it permissible to appoint a leader, ruler, or the like to run the affairs of a group of people living in their countries?
It is authentically reported from
Abu Sa`id and
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with both of them) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated,
If three people set out on a journey, (Part No. 23; Page No. 403) let them appoint one of them in charge.
Abu Dawud through a reliable Sanad (chain of narrators)).
It is evident that the Hadith is applied to the case of travel. As for those who are at home in their countries, the leadership is for the official ruler.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.