Istinja'' or Istijmar (cleansing

Q: Should a Muslim make Istinja' (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) after waking up or passing wind, before performing Wudu' (ablution) or is performing Wudu' enough? Please substantiate your answer with proof. May Allah reward you with the best.

A: All Praise is due to Allah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Whoever wakes up without having discharged any urine, feces, Madhy (pre-seminal fluid), Wady (a thick white secretion discharged by some men after urination), or Maniy (spermatic fluid) only has to perform Wudu', not Istinja' before performing Salah (Prayer). The same applies to whoever passes wind.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.