Is it permissible to perform Salah (Prayer) at home, especially the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, on account of fear or due to a parental order to do so?
Can this be done temporarily or permanently, bearing in mind that the causes of fear are endless?
The principal ruling is that it is Wajib (obligatory) upon the male Muslim to perform congregational Salah (Prayer) in the Masjid (mosque). However, if a Muslim who is legally bound to perform Salah in the Masjid fears that he may be harmed if he goes out to the Masjid, he may perform Salah at home; for the Prophet, (peace be upon him) set it as a general rule by saying:
There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.
It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who hears the Nida' (i.e. Adhan; call to Prayer) and he does not come to it (the Masjid), then there is no prayer (counted) for him except if he has a valid excuse.
It was said to
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both): " What is the excuse?", he answered: "Fear or illness." (Part No. 7; Page No. 16) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.