Is the on-duty doctor exempted from Jumu`ah Prayer?
All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and Companions.The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' examined the question submitted to His Eminence the Chairman of the Permanent Committee by His Excellency the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, which was referred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars under no. 2/2699, dated. 23/8/1399 A.H. Following is its text:A letter was sent to the Ministry by Al-Muwasah clinic in
(Part No. 8; Page No. 191) saying: The clinic should be working for twenty-four hours, which requires arranging a shift schedule for the doctors. Is it permissible for those doctors to leave the clinic on Friday to offer Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer?The doctor on duty is the only person responsible for work at the clinic. He should not leave it as this can lead to grave consequences; for he may be late in arriving to treat a sick or injured person who may need emergency treatment, and this results in adverse and irreversible health consequences.It is worth mentioning that doctors work in shifts during the whole week, so Friday is not confined to a specific doctor.Due to the importance of the issue, we are keen to know the opinion of Your Eminence whether it is permissible for the doctor on duty to offer Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer instead of Jumu`ah Prayer, if his shift happens to be on Friday?
The Committee replied as follows:
The doctor on duty referred to in the question is doing an important and useful service to the Muslims. His attending Jumu`ah Prayer may result in great danger. Therefore, there is no blame placed on him for not attending (Part No. 8; Page No. 192) Jumu`ah Prayer, but he has to offer Zhuhr Prayer on time. Also, if it is possible for him to pray in congregation he must do so, because Allah (Glorified be He) says:
So keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him as much as you can
If there are other colleagues who are at the same shift with him, they have to pray Zhuhr in congregation.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.