Q 4: In his Mukhtasar (abridged version) of Sahih
(may Allah be merciful to him) recorded [Hadith no. (1059), p.281] on the authority of
Zayd ibn Khalid Al-Juhany
that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated,
Shall I not tell you of the best of witnesses? The one who brings his testimony before it is asked for.
How do we reconcile this Hadith with the other one that reads:
A people will come after you who will bear witness without being asked to do so.
This Hadith is also narrated in
Sunan Ibn Majah,
as referred to in the book of "Miftah Kunuz Al-Sunnah".
Such Hadiths and others which focus on dispraising hastening to present Shahadah (testimony) without being asked and those
who take the shahadah lightly, address those who are dishonest and heedless. This might be due to their weak religious knowledge and not fearing Allah. As for the Hadith which praises those who present Shahadah before they are asked, it refers to those upon whom it is obligatory to give Shahadah to prove the truth and vindicate it, because there is no other witness. For more clarification on this point, refer to the books of (Fath-ul-Bary) and (Fath-ul-Majid).May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.