As Kaffarah (expiation) for a broken oath, a man gave another man a sum of money to feed ten poor people. They could not find ten separate poor persons, is it permissible to give this money to a family of ten
or more or less? How should the feeding be? Should they pay the money or should they provide food as mentioned in the Book of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He), or can they give them rice, oil, chicken and meat? May Allah reward you with the best and guide you!
It is Wajib (obligatory) to pay the Kaffarah to ten poor persons, for Allah (Exalted be He) says,
...feed ten Masâkîn (poor persons)
If he pays it to a family consisting of ten or more people, it will be enough. If they are less than ten, he should complete the ten. The Kaffarah by providing food is half a Sa` (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each person of the foodstuffs of the country. If he adds meat, butter or oil, to it, this will be much better. It is not permissible to pay it in cash, (Part No. 23; Page No. 21) for this is contrary to the Qur'anic text.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.