Q 3: I give a charity on behalf of my father in accordance with his will. Is it regarded as Sadaqah Jariyah (ongoing charity)? I should mention that he would do it on the fifteenth night of Sha`ban, because he did not know that it is Bid`ah (innovation in the religion). However, I changed it and would do it once in Ramadan and again on the `Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice, on 10th of Dhul-Hijjah)? Is it regarded as Sadaqah Jariyah for him? What is
the best charity on behalf of the deceased?
Is it permissible to initiate a new charity on behalf of him and he takes its reward as Sadaqah Jariyah? Appreciate your answer, may Allah reward you with the best.
What your father bequeathed is considered charity. You did well in changing its time from the Mid-Sha`ban night and you are rewarded for that. Whatever you give in charity on behalf of your father, he takes its reward.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.