The difference between Allah's Names and Attributes
What is the evidence on the prohibition of naming people after Allah's Names?
(Part No. 2; Page No. 365
the difference between Allah's Names and His Attributes is that the Name refers to the Entity and Its Attributes. On the other hand, the Attributes divide into Self-Attributes that distinguish the Entity from other entities, such as Knowledge and Power; and Attributes of Action, such as Creating, Providing, Granting life and Causing death.Second, a person may be named after one of Allah's Names or described by one of Allah's Attributes. However, each has their own distinguishing features that befit them. Neither should be likened to the other, even if the same designation and general meaning of the word is shared, as the general meaning is only abstract, not material.For instance, Allah named Himself the Ever-Living in His Saying,
Allâh! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyum (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists).
He also described some people as living (Part No. 2; Page No. 366) in His Saying,
He brings forth the living from the dead
However, it is not the same; each has his own attributes. He also called one of Ibrahim's (peace be upon them) sons Halim (patient) and the other (`Alim) knowling, while He is the All-Patient and the All-Knowing. This does not entail Tamthil (likening Allah's Attributes to those of His Creation), as each has his own distinguishing features, even if they share the designation. Allah called Himself All-Hearer and All-Seer in His Statement,
Truly, Allâh is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer.
He also described some people as hearers and seers in His Statement,
...so We made him hearer and seer.
This does not entail Tamthil, either, as each has his own distinguishing features as previously mentioned.Allah described Himself as having knowledge in His Statement,
And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills.
He also described some people as having knowledge in His Statement,
And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little.
(Part No. 2; Page No. 367) He described Himself as Powerful in His Statement,
Verily, Allâh is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.
He also described some people as powerful in His Statement,
Allâh is He Who created you in (a state of) weakness, then gave you strength after weakness
It is not the same type of power, even if it is the same designation. Each has his own befitting characteristics.