Q 1: The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated,
Do not curse Al-Dahr (i.e. afflictions of time), for Allah is the cause of the afflictions of time.
How does one reconcile this Hadith with the disbelievers' declaration:
And they say: "There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (time).
The Hadith is in conformity with the Ayah regarding the prohibition of
cursing Al-Dahr. The Noble Ayah repudiates those disbelievers who refer destruction to Al-Dahr. Al-Dahr does not refer to Allah. It refers to nights and days, so it is mentioned in the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him),
The child of Adam inveighs against Me, he inveighs against [the vicissitudes of] Al-Dahr (Time), and I am Al-Dahr. I alternate the night and the day.
(Part No. 1; Page No. 422) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.