Sometimes a patient, male or female has surgery that requires uncovering Al-`Awrah Al-Mughallazhah (the private parts that must be covered in public).
This is not restricted to the surgeon alone, but anyone entering the operating room, such as the anesthetist or others, may see them. Please advise.
It is not permissible for a Muslim to look at the `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) of a patient, unless it is necessary. Necessity is assessed according to its extent. Therefore, a Muslim should only look at the part that requires treatment. (Part No. 24; Page No. 430) Indeed, this permission is exclusively granted to the doctor or surgeon undertaking the process of treatment. No one else may look at the patient's `Awrah, except those required to help apply the treatment.
Is it permissible for the nurse to see a man's `Awrah to treat him,
such as in bandaging his cuts, washing his anus in piles diseases, or using catheter?
It is not permissible for a female nurse to see the `Awrah of a man during treatment, unless in cases of necessity, such as when the hospital does not have male nurses. This matter should not be taken lightly.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.