Q 4: What is the ruling on
reciting the Qur’an collectively in the Masjid (mosque)?
This question is somewhat brief and needs to be more detailed. If what is meant is that they recite it together, in unison, pausing and stopping at the same time, this is not permissible and it is at least regarded as Makruh (disliked), because it was not reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his Sahabah (Companions). However, if this is done for the purpose of teaching, we hope that there is nothing wrong with it. Moreover, if what is meant is that the people gather to recite Qur’an in order to memorize and learn it, and each one recites while the others listen, or each one reads to himself – not in unison with the others – then this is permissible because it was reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
No group of people gather in one of the Houses of Allah to recite the Book of Allah and study it together without tranquility descending upon them, the angels surrounding them, mercy coming down upon them, and Allah mentioning them to those who are with Him.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.