Confirming Divine Decree with legal texts

Q 5: He claims that there is no evidence on the doctrine of Qada' wa Qadr (the Predestination) in the Qur'an.


A 5: The belief of Ahl Al-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) in this regard is that Allah is aware of all things and He predestined every thing in Al-Lawh-ul-Mahfuzh (the Preserved Tablet). (Part No. 3; Page No. 353) Likewise, they believe that all things decreed by Allah will inevitably happen. Allah (Exalted be He) stated: Verily, Allâh is the All-Knower of everything. He also stated: Verily they are in doubt concerning the Meeting with their Lord? (i.e. Resurrection after their death, and their return to their Lord). Verily! He it is Who is surrounding all things! And No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allâh. In order that you may not grieve at the things that you fail to get, nor rejoice over that which has been given to you. And Allâh likes not prideful boasters. Also they believe that Allah's will encompasses and is applicable to everything, for He is Omnipotent over all things. Allah (Exalted be He) stated: But you cannot will, unless Allâh wills. Verily, Allâh is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise. Allah also stated: And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allâh wills - the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists). Allah also stated: And whomsoever Allâh wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islâm; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allâh puts the wrath on those who believe not. Similarly, Allah confirms: Allâh is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakîl (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian) over all things. To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. He also informs us: Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz). (Part No. 3; Page No. 354) He also stated: "While Allâh has created you and what you make!" Certainly, Allâh has power over all things. There are similar Ayahs that speak of the Divine perfect knowledge, comprehension, and predestination of all events in a Book preserved over His Throne. They also tell of Allah's Inevitable Will and All-Embracing Power. Moreover, many authentic Hadiths provide a crystal-clear explanation of this point leaving no doubt whatsoever. It is authentically narrated that when Jibril (Gabriel, peace be upon him) asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) about Faith, he said: To believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection, and to believe in the Devine Destiny whether good or bad. At the end of this account, the Prophet says: This is Gabriel. He came to teach you (matters of) your religion. Therefore, whoever doubts or denies predestination is contradicting the agreed upon texts of the Islamic Shari`ah, dissenting from the creed of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah and is following the footsteps of heretic and deviant people. They twist Allah's words from their true meanings in pursuit of their whims and desires manipulating the allegorical Ayahs without referring to the decisively clear ones and Hadiths. Thus, they are accurately described in Allah's statement: So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials), and seeking for its hidden meanings

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