Q 2: A scholar said: We have an explanation for what
allege about being the sons of Allah. The saying:
"We, human beings, are all the sons of Allah"
means that: He is the One who created us. And He Alone sustains us and provides all of us with livelihood. This is according to the Hadith which reads:
The poor are My children
The paternity of Allah to us is not that one proved with a birth certificate. We are all His Servants and we do not perform Sujud (prostration) before anyone except Allah Alone." (Part No. 2; Page No. 417) What is your opinion on that?
Allah has made it clear in His Book (Qur'an) that
the Christians hold a false belief that the Messiah (Prophet `Isa (Jesus)) is Allah's son and has a blood relation with Him. Allah, the Exalted, states,
...and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allâh. That is their saying with their mouths, resembling the saying of those who disbelieved aforetime. Allâh’s Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!
They claim that the Messiah is the son of Allah in order to distinguish him from all other humans. Therefore Allah, in condemnation for those who innovated this false allegation, states,
And they say: "The Most Gracious (Allâh) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: ‘Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allâh, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son [‘Isâ (Jesus) عليه السلام], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels and others.)]."
Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing.
Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins,
Allah, the Exalted, rebukes
the Jews and
the Christians for their allegation of being the sons of Allah and His loved ones, out of their arrogance, haughtiness and love for being superior to all other humans, in the Ayah (verse) which reads,
And (both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are the children of Allâh and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay, you are but human beings of those He has created
As regards those who believe that
the Christians are the sons of Allah, meaning that: Allah is their Sustainer (Part No. 2; Page No. 418) and He Alone provides them with livelihood, out of their distinction from other humans, this is Batil (null and void) as well. Allah (Glorified be He) is responsible for sustaining all His Slaves and He Alone cherishes them with His care and gives them success.As for
the Hadith stating that the creation are the children of Allah; is it not authentic. If it were authentic, it would still mean that Allah, the Glorified, is the One Who sustains them and provides them with livelihood; as it is declared in the Ayah in which Allah, the Glorified, states,
And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allâh.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.