Children will not inherit from their maternal grandfather if their mother dies

Q: I would like to inform Your Eminence that a question of a sister from the Arab Republic of Egypt was attached to my question. It reads as follows: my mother died before my maternal grandfather died; am I entitled to receive a share of inheritance while my uncle and aunt are alive?

A: If your mother died before your maternal grandfather died while the latter left a son and a daughter, your mother is not entitled to receive any share of inheritance. The inheritance of your mentioned grandfather goes only to your maternal uncle and maternal aunt i.e. you are not entitled to receive anything from the inheritance of your grandfather. This is because you are considered amongst Dhawul-Arham (relations connected through females) who are not entitled to receive inheritance while Ashab Al-Furud (heirs of shares prescribed by the Holy Qur'an) or `Asabat (relatives in whose line of relationship no female enters), other than husbands and wives, are existent. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.