Q 2: I understand what confirms the impermissibility of
celebrating the Mawlid (the birthday of the Prophet, peace be upon him);
however, I was astonished when I read a book entitled 'Al-Islam Wa Al-Sha`a'r Al-Dyniyyah' (Islam and Religious Celebrations)
Muhammad Mukhtar Tiyam,
specifically Ch. 4, p. 44. It states that
used to celebrate the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
As you know, may Allah bless you, celebrating the so-called Mawlid is a forbidden Bid`ah (innovation in religion), that was not practiced by Salaf (righteous predecessors) nor the Four Imams (Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`y, and Ahmad). Attributing such a claim to
Al-Shafi`y is a lie, for this Bid`ah was innovated in the year four hundred after the Hijrah (Prophet's migration to Al-Madinah) in the age of the Fatimid State, and
Imam Al-Shafi`y (may Allah be merciful to him) died 204 A.H.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.