What is the ruling on breaking one's Sawm (Fast) in Ramadan whether with or without a legal excuse?
Anyone who breaks Sawm in Ramadan without a valid excuse is to be considered a sinner, and has to make up for it. However, if a person breaks his Sawm by having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadan, he should pay the Kaffarah (expiation) which is to emancipate a believing slave; if he could not do this, he should observe Sawm for two consecutive months. Otherwise, he should feed sixty needy people. This Kaffarah should be made by both the husband and his wife. But if someone breaks their Sawm due to a valid excuse, such as sickness or travel, they should make up for it, and there is no sin on them.May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.