My mother (may Allah be merciful to her) died on 06/05/1409 A. H. In
Hospital. She had given me a sum of thirteen thousand riyals before she died. She had requested me to build a Masjid (mosque) with that money on her behalf and she had mentioned that if the Masjid costs more, she would give me the extra cost. Is it thus permissible to take some money out of the rest of the inheritance with which this Masjid can be completed
or should I myself pay for this extra cost without taking anything from my mother's inheritance?My mother left four married sons including myself, four married daughters, furniture, some tools, a herd of twenty sheep, and a sum of five thousand riyals or less. Moreover, debts of about four thousand riyals were owed to my mother, she was not indebted, and she did not bequeath anything. Besides, one of her sons owes her a sum of eight thousand riyals and another owes her a sum of two thousand riyals.I am the elder son and I would like to be good to my mother and do something that she will be availed of its reward such as voluntary Sawm (Fast), voluntary Salah (Prayer), or a Sadaqah (voluntary charity). Please tell me what are the charitable ways of disposition in which their reward can reach my mother? Also, is it permissible for me to make Du`a' (supplication) for my deceased mother, my father, my grandparents, and all Muslims that Allah may forgive them and be merciful to them or any other Du`a' of (Part No. 16; Page No. 439) goodness?On the other hand, is it permissible that we collect all my mother's inheritance including all the debts owed to her, the sheep, along with the furniture and divide this amongst her children and her husband (our father) before we build the Masjid? Or do we have to collect the inheritance, build the Masjid, and then distribute what remains amongst the inheritors? Should we request from her children to pay the debts they owe her or should we waive this? In addition, what should we do if one of my siblings refuses to receive their portions of my mother's inheritance bearing in mind that some of them declared that they will do so.
You are not allowed to dispose of the thirteen thousand riyal sum unless you take permission from the inheritors of legal age. If they do not give permission, the sum mentioned above has to be considered a part of the estate. However, in case such a sum was registered (as being bequeathed for building the Masjid); the will has to be implemented. In such a case any extra money needed for building the Masjid should be taken from your mother's estate provided that such extra money does not exceed one third of the estate unless more than one third is permitted by the inheritors of legal age.
Bearing in mind what has been mentioned above, all the remaining possessions and debts should be divided amongst the inheritors according to the Shar` (law) of Allah (Exalted be He). Moreover, it is Mustahab (desirable) that you and your siblings make Du`a' (supplication) for your mother, give Sadaqah and perform `Umrah (lesser Hajj) on her behalf. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.