Q 1: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
Verily, Allah created, on the same very day when He created the heavens and the earth, one hundred parts of mercy...
What is meant by the mercy mentioned in this Hadith? Is it the Attribute of Allah (Exalted be He), or is it a created mercy that Allah designates for the Ummah (community) of Islam?
The mercy which is mentioned in the Hadith is a created mercy. Allah created one hundred parts of mercy, and out of this mercy He (Exalted be He) endowed one part to the earth and withheld ninety-nine parts for the Day of Resurrection. The mercy which is mentioned in the Hadith is thus other than the Mercy which is one of Allah's Attributes, for the Attributes of Allah are not created. Rather, Allah's Mercy is one of the Attributes of His Essence (Glorified be He) which neither it nor He (Exalted be He) is created. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the Creator but is not created. (Part No. 2; Page No. 401) May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.